Les sentinelles de Alpes : l'histoire des gardiens des Alpes

Dressées sur leur promontoire naturel ou adossées au relief, on les appelle « sentinelles ». Mais elles ne sont pas muettes : une trentaine de fortifications édifiées dans les Alpes du XVIe au XXe s, pour une large part à proximité de la frontière franco-italienne, racontent le passé, le présent... et l'avenir.

Les Alpes au coeur de l'histoire

L'histoire, d'abord. Celle des stratégies militaires pour posséder, contrôler, quelles que soient l'époque et l'actualité des conflits, les points névralgiques du massif : chemins, routes, cols, portes d'entrée des hautes vallées. Les « Sentinelles » nous parlent de ruse, d'attente et de chaos, de soldatesque. Mais aussi d'un génie architectural combinant contraintes naturelles et efficacité défensive.

Des sentinelles qui trouvent un second souffle aujoud'hui

Longtemps ignorés, délaissés, les forts d'altitude sont aujourd'hui réinvestis par des collectivités, des associations, des particuliers. Des passionnés qui cherchent à les faire revivre à travers des visites guidées, des animations ou des manifestations culturelles. A son rythme, le voyageur – à pied, à vélo, en voiture, ou à moto... – peut aujourd'hui découvrir une partie importante de ce patrimoine fortifié : chemins de ronde, remparts, casernements. Et lui apporter, de par sa présence et sa curiosité, une nouvelle vitalité.

Les sentinelles : au coeur de l'avenir des Alpes

Les forts d'altitude attestent des relations anciennes entre les communautés de part et d'autre de la frontière. Mais surtout de leurs identités et de leurs cultures propres. Du même coup, les « Sentinelles » nous parlent aussi de l'Europe d'aujourd'hui et de demain. D'une communauté alpine à la fois diverse et regroupée, dans le respect et l'échange. De fort en fort, partez à la découverte historique et… panoramique des Alpes !

Points d'interêt

Forts

Bastille de Grenoble
38100 Grenoble
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 76 44 33 65
WEBSITE

Highlight and emblematic of Grenoble Bastille combines past and present ...

Batterie de Cuguret
04850 Jausiers
CONTACT : +33 (0)6 71 15 84 14
WEBSITE

Property of the state until 1970, battery, built between 1883 and 1886, is now owned by an enthusiast who revived this place.

Batterie de Vulmix
73700 Bourg-Saint-Maurice

Battery Vulmix is ??a prohibition works constructed in the southwest of the place of Bourg-St-Maurice at 1050 meters above sea level. It is built on a plateau at the foot of the mountain of Roignais between the torrents of Arbonne and Armente. Its role is to beat the Isère valley upstream of Bourg-St-Maurice and unusable for the enemy roads that lead from the Versoyen Valley (roads Col de la Seigne) and those who go down the neck Petit St Bernard (roads following the right bank of the Recluse). This battery is protected by the fort of Truc which prohibits the positions that the enemy might develop in the hills that dominate it.

Citadelle d'Entrevaux
04320 Entrevaux
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 93 05 46 73
WEBSITE

Surprisingly 17th century citadel, perched above the village, ensuring its protection, it played an important role at the border of the Kingdom of France and the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia.

Citadelle de Seyne les Alpes
04140 Seyne
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 92 35 31 66
WEBSITE

Built in the late seventeenth century according to Vauban, the Citadel of Seyne les Alpes stretches along the crest of the rocky outcrop called "la Robine." It dominates the fortified (ramparts, bastions ...) to protect Seyne then city border attacks Savoyard, enemies of the king of France, Louis XIV.

Citadelle de Sisteron
04200 Sisteron
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 92 61 27 57
WEBSITE

Fortified since ancient times because of its ideal location, welcoming the rock citadel dominates the Durance and the town of Sisteron.

Fort Barraux
38530 Barraux
CONTACT : +33 (0)6 37 63 02 95
WEBSITE

Fort built in the 17th century on the border between Dauphiné and Savoie.

Fort d'Exilles
10050 (IT) Exiles
CONTACT : +39 0122 58270
WEBSITE

Real stronghold, Fort Exilles stands out for its monumentality.

Fort de Bard
11100 (IT) Bard (AO)
CONTACT : +39 0125 833811
WEBSITE

Incredible fortress, fort overlooks the valley and protects the village of Bard, who has preserved remarkable residential buildings of XV-XVI centuries.

Fort de Rimplas - Ouvrage Maginot de la Madeleine
06420 Rimplas
CONTACT : +33 (0)6 76 51 56 66
WEBSITE

FARM!

The construction of the book of Rimplas was decided in 1927, a preview of the Maginot Line, as part of the Nice defensive organization program.

Fort de Vinadio
12010 (It) Vinadio (CN)
CONTACT : +39 0171 959151
WEBSITE

Vinadio was built in 1834 by Charles Albert of Savoy to block passage to any French troops from Col de Larche.

Fort du Mont
73200 Albertville
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 79 32 61 74
WEBSITE

The Mont Fort, defensive work of Séré de Rivières, was built between 1876 and 1881 over Albertville.

Fort du Télégraphe
73450 Valloire
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 79 59 03 11
WEBSITE

Overlooking the valley of Maurienne and the Route of the famous Col du Galibier, the fort Telegraph is required at the eponymous pass.

Fort Saint Roch
06380 Sospel
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 93 04 00 70

Building of the Maginot Line, Fort St Roch was built between 1931 and 1933 as part of the Maginot Line Alpine fortified sector of the Alpes Maritimes (SFAM). it consitutes with the Work of Barbonnet and that of a fortified Agaisen together over Sospel.

Fort Saint Vincent
04340 Ubaye-Serre-Ponçon
CONTACT : +33 (0)6 74 90 04 13
WEBSITE

1692 Vauban ordered the construction of a small fort on a rock with a large square tower wrapped in a fortified wall. Thus was born the Fort St Vincent.

Forteresse de Fenestrelle
10060 (IT) Fenestrelle (TO)
CONTACT : +39 0121 83 600
WEBSITE

The Great Wall of the Alps extends over the ridge of Mount Orsiera 3 km! Built in the 18th century, the fortress of Fenestrelle includes three forts, redoubts 3 and 2 batteries over 600 vertical meters!

Fortifications de l'Ubaye
04400 Barcelonnette
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 92 81 04 04
WEBSITE

The Ubaye valley was crossed in history by many men. The common soldier to the most famous characters, like François 1st, Vauban, Séré de Rivières or Maginot, each of them lost a little of themselves. The curious more passionate, take these paths they traced their fortified by leaving footprints.

Fortifications du col de Tende
06430 Tende
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 93 44 22 20
WEBSITE

Built between 1881 and 1883, the fortifications of Tende consists of a set of 6 high, above the current Franco-Italian border.

Fortifications du Massif de l'Authion
06450 La Bollène-Vésubie
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 93 44 22 20
WEBSITE

Strategic position, the first fortifications appear on the massif of Authion in 1860 with the attachment of the County of Nice to France.

The l'Authion facing Italy and offers a wonderful view of the new frontier, including the 'tip of the Three Towns' where joins the territories of Bollène Vésubie Breil sur Roya and Saorge.

Fortifications du Mont Cenis
73480 Val-Cenis
CONTACT : +33(0)4 79 05 86 36
WEBSITE

By 1861, the priorities of the new kingdom of Italy are the national unity and the Alpine defense of its territory. It is in the context of diplomatic tensions with France that Italy strengthens the Mont Cenis by equipping several strong.

Ouvrage de l'Agaisen
06380 Sospel
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 93 04 15 80
WEBSITE

The presence of the turret in this book has made Agaisen a central part of the defense of the Maritime Alps and its restoration as a showcase of technology 'Maginot'. Since its construction, maintenance was provided almost continuously, only the period of the occupation and the abandonment of the 1990s saw the turret deteriorate. Today she is the object of the attentive care of the members of the technical group.

Ouvrage de la Frassinea
06420 Saint-Sauveur-sur-Tinée
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 93 02 00 22
WEBSITE

The Frassinéa is a work of the Maginot line, defensive system built by France, the Ardennes to the Mediterranean after the terrible war of 1914 - 1918. Many books were distributed throughout the Alps. The fortified sector of the Alpes Maritimes included 85 items, small structures, bunkers, shelters and observatories.

Ouvrage de Sainte Agnès
06500 Sainte-Agnès
CONTACT : +33 (0)4 93 51 62 31
WEBSITE

The old village of Sainte-Agnès is perched on the side of a peak which rises to 780 meters above the Mediterranean. This exceptional situation which led to it being 'Village of the highest coastal Europe' has shaped its long fortified promontory of history. From the 16th century, a fortress, now destroyed, occupied the whole site. Privileged observation post and defense, building the Maginot work of St. Agnes participated in the Fortified Sector of the Maritime Alps (SFAM).

Ouvrage du Barbonnet
06380 Sospel
CONTACT : +33 (0)6 85 96 72 88

Dominating the south of Sospel to 847 m altutude the fort Barbonnet, built between 1883 and 1886 verrouiler the Bévera Valley.